The word widget can mean a number of things, even within related Internet technologies. Even the savvy user may be confused by the lack of common terminology and the lack of any inherent meaning. The term may apply to bits of code, applets, engines, and GUI elements.
However, the scope of this book, and of this part of the book, is solely concerned with mobile GUI widgets. These widgets are display elements such as buttons, links, icons, indicators, tabs, and tooltips. Numerous additional elements (sometimes called GUI widgets), such as scroll bars, are discussed as components and functions in Part I.
The functionalities of the widgets discussed in this part of the book are to:
- Display a small amount of directly related information
- Provide an alternative view of the same information, in an organic manner
- Provide access to related controls or settings
- Display information about the current state of the device
- Provide quick access to indexed information
The widgets that will be discussed here are subdivided into the following chapters:
Chapter 5, Lateral Access
Chapter 6, Drilldown
Chapter 7, Labels & Indicators
Chapter 8, Information Controls
Types of Widgets
Widgets for Lateral Access
Whether your information architecture is organized hierarchically or laterally, its presentation and access are affected by the potentially small mobile display. One option to consider is to use lateral access widgets such as Tabs, Peel Away, Pagination, and Location Within to assist the user in quickly navigating through and selecting this content.
Widgets for Drilldown
Using an information architecture that is structured hierarchically allows content to be laid out from general to specific while depending on parent-child relationships. This drilldown, top-down approach is effective in providing users with additional related content and commands within multiple information tiers. Patterns, such as Link, Button, and Icon can be used to access these child content types quickly.
Widgets for Labels and Indicators
In some situations, it may be necessary to use small labels, indicators, and other pieces of information, such as a Tooltip, Wait Indicator, and Avatar, to describe content. Mobile users each have unique goals. Some require instant additional information without clicking. Others may need additional visual cues to assist them while quickly locating information. In any case, you must present the information labels appropriately while considering valuable screen real estate, cultural norms, and standards.
Widgets for Information Controls
Finding specific items within a long list or other large page or data array can be challenging. With appropriate controls, such as Zoom & Scale and Location Jump, to locate specific information quickly, the user can instead quickly locate and reveal information on mobile devices.
Helpful Knowledge for This Section
Before you dive right into each pattern chapter, we would like to provide you with some extra knowledge in the chapter introductions. This extra knowledge is in multidisci- plinary areas of human factors, engineering, psychology, art, or whatever else we feel is relevant. Due to the broad characteristics of widgets, we find it helpful for you to become knowledgeable in the following relevant areas:
Wayfinding Across Content
Next: Lateral Access
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